United Nations Climate Change Road Map



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UNFCCC COP 26 in Glasgow

  • December, 2015 – The Paris Agreement

    2015 was a historic year in which 196 Parties came together under the Paris Agreement to transform their development trajectories so that they set the world on a course towards sustainable development, aiming at limiting warming to 1.5 to 2 degrees C above pre-industrial levels. Despite the success of 2015, the road map is rather tricky to achieve.

    Milestones include the submission of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) (from 2013 to 2016), and the real Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) thereupon. NDCs are at the heart of the Paris Agreement and the achievement of all long-term goals. They embody efforts by each country to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. The Paris Agreement (Article 4, paragraph 2) requires each Party to prepare, communicate and maintain successive nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that it intends to achieve.

    Read more about the Paris Agreement here.

  • April, 2016 – Intended Nationally Determined Contributions

    By 18 April 2016, a total of 190 Parties had communicated an INDC (97% of all Parties to the UNFCCC) with a total CO2 coverage of 94.6%. All Parties are requested to submit the next round of NDCs (new NDCs or updated NDCs) by 2020 and every five years thereafter.

    Find your country’s INDCs submission here.

  • October 4-12, 2020 – SB52 Climate Change Discussions

    The Bonn Climate Change Conference (SB52) will host a wide range of events, meetings, and negotiating sessions that will set the stage for raising ambition to curb greenhouse gas emissions, accelerate resilience-building efforts, and ensure that climate policy is built on a solid foundation of the best available science and knowledge.

  • Winter, 2020 – Presentation of second round of NDCs

    So far, all independent and institutional reports on the NDCs and the impact of climate change policy measures countries are taking indicate that the goals set in the Paris Agreement will not be reached. During 2020, the countries are asked to submit their second, more ambitious NDCs.

  • November 1-12, 2021 – UNFCCC COP26

    The climate talks will be the biggest international summit the UK has ever hosted; bringing together over 30,000 delegates including heads of state, climate experts and campaigners to agree coordinated action to tackle climate change.

  • May, 2022 – IPCC 6th Assessment Report

    The Synthesis Report is due to be finalized in the first half of 2022 in time for the 2023 Global Stocktake by the UNFCCC, when countries will review progress towards the Paris Agreement goal of keeping global warming to well below 2°C while pursuing efforts to limit it to 1.5°C.

  • Spring, 2023 – Global Stocktake by the CMA

    The global stocktake shall be conducted in a comprehensive and facilitative manner, considering mitigation, adaptation and the means of implementation and support, and in the light of equity and the best available science. The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA) will undertake the first global stocktake in 2023 and every five years thereafter.